Large working farms and ranches also make fewer demands on As a result, temperate grasslands are one of the least understood global biomes in terms of their value to sustainable economic uses, and the provision of socio-cultural and ecosystem goods and services that contribute to human well-being. Grasslands occupy about one-half the total land are in the contiguous 48 states and therefore deserve attention and proper utilization by everyone concerned with good stewardship of the earth. The climate is temperate and semi-arid to semi-humid. 2. While the agricultural sector represents 9 percent of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, there is growing evidence that soils on agricultural lands, especially grasslands, can store a considerable amount of carbon dioxide. Published: August 22, 2017 Forages, Livestock. They provide ecological infrastructure and economic benefits to a range of users, from families to municipalities and metropolitan centres. nitrogen removal). The Meeting will bring together scientists and specialists from countries of the Mediterranean regions, to present studies and to discuss research strategies and experiences allowing to face current challenges in grassland management. • Additional information on economic contributions and benefits to people is available on the (Economics for planning website). If not corrected, this lack of understanding will continue to threaten the long-term ecological viability of those indigenous grasslands that remain. Opportunities for education and recreation abound. The heading of each section is the title of the study and is hyperlinked to the ConservationTools.org library listing where the study can be viewed or downloaded. The need to place a value on the ecosystem goods and services and the social and cultural non-use values of natural areas has been identified as important since the 1990's, and techniques have been developed to help 'monetize' these values. Grasslands cover a major share of the world’s agricultural area and are important for global food security. There are (giga) tonnes of benefits from properly grazed grasslands Light to moderate grazing can enhance soil carbon levels by as much as 40 per cent — if the land is managed properly . A Review of Current Research on their Total Economic Value. Mediterranean grasslands (including rangelands, pastures, meadows, fodder crops) are important resources covering up to 48% of the whole region. Less than 1% of Manitoba’s original 6,000 square kilometers of tall-grass prairie remain. In addition, the levelness of the Steppes and other temperate grasslands all over the … A major aim of European agri‐environment policy is the management of grassland for botanical diversity conservation and restoration, together with the delivery of ecosystem services including soil carbon (C) sequestration. However, the lightly degraded grassland gain some economic benefit compared to the non-degradation grassland caused by carbon maintenance and nitrogen sequestration. The economic activity generated from ranching is the lifeblood of many rural communities. 2011).Extensively managed grasslands are recognized globally for their high biodiversity (Habel et al. Downloadable! These grasslands are managed for a variety of purposes including forage, fish and wildlife, timber, water, and recreation resources. The value is higher than reported in Xie et al.’s [22] research, in which the value of alpine grassland services equaled $295/ha by using empirical formulas. Ecosystem services and socio-economic benefits of Mediterranean grasslands. Although these ecosystems are a key element in the production of high quality animal products and in the livelihoods of producers, they provide a range of ecosystem services besides forage production, such as biodiversity conservation, habitat for wildlife, carbon fixation, prevention of erosion and nutrient storage… Economic impact studies identify a variety of economic benefits generated by biodiversity. Economic benefits can usually be valued in monetary terms but the social functions of forests are more difficult to measure and can vary considerably among countries, depending on their traditions and level of development. By Jennifer Blair Reporter . Economic Benefits of Smart Growth and Costs of Sprawl; Organization of This Guide. This would require less intensive grazing systems and use of rough grazing lands, but may have other environmental benefits, such as improved biodiversity in high nature value grasslands. With the interaction between Grasslands and Animals, the existence of Grasslands is made possible because without the grazing by Animals, they will be colonized by shrubs quickly and become woodland. “Grasslands are globally important because they are a natural Carbon Sink and natural carbon sinks are an important part of a natural process called Carbon Cycle. Given the diversity of habitats that are associated with urban greenspaces and the diversity of the types of grassland that can be successfully established in such settings, grasslands offer a very versatile and practical means of expanding the social and economic benefits offered by greenspace. Grasslands occur in environments conducive to the growth of this plant cover but not to that of taller plants, particularly trees and shrubs. Multidisciplinary investigations are needed to identify the best-adapted and most productive grassland species and mixtures along with the most appropriate grazing management to produce high-quality livestock products. o General information about the use of economics in the Forest Service. Indigenous temperate grasslands are the most altered ecosystem on earth, with less than half remaining in an intact, natural condition. This publication is an outcome of the 15th Meeting of the FAO-CIHEAM Inter-regional Cooperative Research and Development Sub-Network on Mediterranean Pastures and Fodder Crops titled “Ecosystem services and socio-economic benefits of Mediterranean grasslands”, organised in Orestiada (Greece) from 12 to 14 April 2014, by the Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Zaragoza/International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies, the Democritus University of Thrace, the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and the Hellenic Range and Pasture Society. One effective avenue for drawing more attention to the need for preserving grasslands is to emphasize the economic aspects and benefits of grasslands, relative to the costs of degradation and the cost of inaction. There are over 11 million acres of grasslands within Plant species diversity in grasslands is known to increase and stabilize biomass yields. 3. Ubiquity. Much of the remainder, although still under grassland vegetation, is degraded and vulnerable to desertification. economic benefits of Mediterranean grasslands”. If not corrected, this lack of understanding will continue to threaten the long-term ecological viability of those indigenous grasslands that remain. Grasslands have a basic role in feeding herbivores and ruminants and provide important ecosystem services, including erosion control, water management and water purification. Besides demonstrating the social benefits of grassland products, the objective of the present study is to present the value of their diverse forms of utilization and their definitions in practice. The grasslands biome is one of the most threatened biomes in South Africa, with 30% irreversibly transformed and only 1.9% of the biodiversity target for the biome formally conserved. Grasslands have also another benefit related to water – they clean it by removing solid particles, nutrients and other substances, which results in cleaner surface waters. While well-informed decisions should be based on both benefits and costs, the calculation of net present value made use of data from 2 conservation programmes Although grasses make up the dominant layer of the grassland, only one in six plants are actually grass species. The benefits extend beyond the ecological. benefits associated with the conservation of wildlife habitat and other natural resources on rangelands in California’s Central Valley. Mediterranean grasslands (including rangelands, pastures, meadows, fodder crops) are important resources covering up to 48% of the whole region. Grassland ecosystems are present in every single continent on this planet with the sole exception of Antarctica, which is too cold to sustain a grassland ecosystem. This report documents the current and limited understanding of the TEV of the goods and services provided by temperate grasslands. Plant species diversity in grasslands is known to increase and stabilize biomass yields. The importance of grasslands lies not only in the immense area they cover, but also in the diversity of benefits they produce. Reading Time: 3 minutes. Our paper applies standard economic theory to rigorously account for costs, quality, and risk. This review summarizes the current literature regarding the TEV of goods and services provided by indigenous temperate grasslands, highlights research gaps and identifies future priorities. 2005, Lemaire et al. The grasslands of southern Alberta provide many environmental, economic and social benefits to residents of the province. If the lime advice for grassland exceeds 7.5 t/ha ;initially only this amount should be applied, and the remainder applied after two years. The American Forage & Grassland Council defines grassland agriculture simply as:"...the proper use of grass in agriculture" (American Forage & GrasslandCouncil, 1959. CRP Grasslands helps landowners and operators protect grassland, including rangeland, pastureland, and certain other lands while maintaining the areas as grazing lands. The fundamental purpose of the Temperate Grasslands Conservation Initiative (TGCI) is to reverse this trend and increase the level of conservation and protection of temperate grasslands through establishing additional formally protected areas and encouraging ecologically sustainable land use practices throughout the biome. For example, lower raw material or labor costs are economic benefits. The factors preventing establishment of such taller, woody vegetation are varied. Restoration of degraded grasslands can benefit climate change mitigation and key ecosystem services The restoration of grasslands in tropical semi-arid … Conserving the natural grasslands of South America As agriculture, forestry, roads and urbanization brought economic development to the vast grasslands of South America, the area of this important ecosystem was reduced by half. Even small plots of wildflower … The Ecosystem Services (ES) framework is increasingly being adopted by researchers and practitioners to underline the many services that Mediterranean grasslands provide to society at large, beyond tangible provisioning services. There are several grassland products the economic values of those are unclear in several cases. In a biome with the highest Conservation Risk Index globally, our understanding of the TEV of the goods and services provided by indigenous temperate grasslands is therefore virtually non-existent. There are five Ramsar wetlands and three world heritage sites in South Africa’s grasslands. These services, namely livestock provision, carbon sequestration, soil erosion regulation, water flow regulation, invasion resistance and recreation were further supplemented by waste treatment (i.e. Our findings on risk reducing properties and possible economic benefits of plant species diversity in grasslands are in line with earlier research (Schläpfer et al., 2002; Koellner and Schmitz, 2006; Finger and Buchmann, 2015; Binder et al., 2018). In the US Corn Belt, a recent doubling in commodity prices has created incentives for landowners to convert grassland to corn and soybean cropping. The maintenance of amenity grasslands is surprisingly high, forcing many local authorities and land-owners to seek cheaper management protocols or regimes. Advantages and Disadvantages of Species-rich Grassland Restoration Methods Choosing a method of restoration should take account of the relationship between the … Grasslands provide multiple benefits to society. Temperate Grasslands, Savannahs and Shrubland - Temperate Grasslands, Savannahs and Shrublands is a Biome whose predominant vegetation consists of Grasses and/or shrubs. Grasslands cover a major share of the world’s agricultural area and are important for global food security. Benefits also include the hosting and protection of sites and landscapes of high cultural, spiritual, or recreational value. We economically evaluate these effects, using a rich dataset from 16 intensively managed grassland sites across Europe. Grasslands are one of the major ecosystems of the world, covering close to one‐third of the Earth's terrestrial surface (Suttie et al. Grasslands are an important land use in Europe covering more than a third of the European agricultural area. More on-farm experimentation and participatory knowledge transfer to farmers are also required. Ecological research suggests that greater biodiversity could lead to greater economic value, even for private owners of “working” land. Abstract. Grasslands provide both ecological and economic benefits to local residents and society in general. ... Economic importance of Grassland Ecosystem. Grasslands also support biodiversity and cultural services and are an important stock of carbon. This paper synthesizes a number of pertinent issues in relation to social and economic systems on grasslands within the southern Mediterranean region. We economically evaluate these effects, using a rich dataset from 16 intensively managed grassland sites across Europe. The Meeting will bring together scientists and specialists from countries of the Mediterranean regions, to present studies and to discuss research strategies and experiences allowing to face current challenges in grassland management. The total economic value of grasslands includes their quantifiable market value to society, incorporating both “direct use” values of grassland commodities included in existing markets, and broader societal Outcome 2: Investments in grasslands are increased from existing and innovative sources. Typical grasslands are vegetation formations that are generally found in temperate climates. willing to pay for medicinal plants, wildlife, soil carbon for climate mitigation, soil fertility for . As an effort to make a stronger case for conservation and protection, the TGCI identified the need to better understand the total economic value (TEV) of temperate grasslands to human social and cultural well-being. Grasslands effectively prevents the soil from erosion Photo: Raimonds Kasparinskis Rich floodplain meadows purify water and store it during flooding Photo: Baiba Strazdiņa Many of the benefits to grasslands from grazing occur when livestock manage the changed grassland by consuming non-native annual plants. They differ largely from Tropical Grasslands in the annual temperature regime as well as the types of Species found here. Africa - Africa - Economy: With the exception of South Africa and the countries of North Africa, all of which have diversified production systems, the economy of most of Africa can be characterized as underdeveloped. Downloadable (with restrictions)! The warm, sunny summer is not only advantageous for harvesting, but also enables the straw to be dried for farm use. Introduction. Mediterranean grasslands (including rangelands, pastures, meadows, fodder crops) are important resources covering up to 48% of the whole region. No empirical valuation research was found by this review that addressed intact temperate grasslands specifically. The central conclusion is both surprising and disturbing. Grassland provide us with a range of EGS; tangible benefits that we understand and only sometimes value in existing markets. Land prices bordering open space have been found to be 7 to 32% higher than those not bordering open space. By supporting ranchers who hold grazing permits, the Forest Service is helping to revitalize and strengthen rural economies. These Proceedings include 89 papers presented at the Meeting, covering a range of topics allocated into four sessions: (1) Managing ecosystem services and livestock production in the Mediterranean region; (2) Improvement of range, pasture and forage species including alternative uses; (3) Socio-economic benefits of sustainable grassland management; (4) Rehabilitation of Mediterranean grasslands; and a Round Table on “Connecting research, policy and stakeholders challenges for the sustainability of grasslands”. US Grasslands: Economic & Biological Trends iii The benefits of open space and scenic amenities afforded by private grasslands are increasingly recognized. Grasslands. The carbon sequestration potential of grasslands, and whether it can balance the negative effect of livestock on GHG emissions, is debated. There are socio-economic and environmental differences among the different Mediterranean regions, but they share common issues on grasslands sustainability and research. 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