Spanish is used in the government administration of the country, by the media of the country as well as the educational institutions of Costa Rica. Small properties were bought and integrated into larger landholdings. Costa Rica’s official and predominant language is Spanish*. They believe in education and healthcare and make it freely available to its people. Languages Of Costa Rica. Costa Rica’s pacific marine area reaches 625,000 km2, approximately 10 times larger than its land area of only 52,100 km2. The official language is Spanish, but there also pockets where BriBri, creole Mekatelyu as found by the Caribbean Coast in the Limon province,and English. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More Facts • Costa Rica's official languages are English and Creole. The government of Costa Rica is thus taking steps in this direction. Five indigenous languages belonging to the Chibcha language family continue to be spoken in Costa Rica. The result is a nation of laid-back, friendly, and happy people. There isn’t a Spanish dialect that is spoken in the country. Ticos are generally proud of their political freedoms and their relatively stable economy. They are proud of their long-stand… Their practice of adding the suffix “tico” to the end of many words is quite unique and contributed to referring to themselves as Ticos and Ticas . The Spanish rulers established the language as the official language of the country which continue to hold the same status to this date. Costa Rica doesn’t have a military. Costa Rica is characterized by a very interesting geographical build. English is fairly widely spoken also. An extremely small group of Mennonites lives in the Sarapiqui area, at the base of the Cordillera Volcánica. Costa Rica is a Spanish word meaning ‘rich coast’. The Basilica of Our Lady of the Angels, Cartago, C.Rica. The … There is no official military in Costa Rica. Outside the downtown, San José has expanded outward to incorporate surrounding towns. Costa Ricans do not use the same Castilian Spanish spoken in Spain. Costa Rican culture is a vibrant blend of indigenous heritage and Spanish colonial influence, with a dash of Jamaican, Chinese, and other immigrant cultures lending character and customs. The principal Indian languages spoken in Costa Rica are part of the Chibchan language family and include Bribrí, Cabécar, Maléku Jaíka, Boruca, and Térraba. The country does not recognize any religion as an official religion, and instead is recognized as a secular state. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. Costa Rica Fact Sheet. In the 19th century, settlement slowly expanded from the core areas around Cartago and San José into the western parts of the valley. There’s some dispute over this, but some say it comes from the habit of Costa Ricans to attach the suffix “-tico” to words to denote that they are small. Only large farms had the capacity and labour to prepare and package the coffee for shipment. The few high-rise buildings are located in this city centre. San José is the country’s capital and largest city and its metropolitan area hosts nearly a quarter of the Costa Rican population. The variety spoken is Costa Rican Spanish, is a form of Central American Spanish. The literacy rate in Costa Rica is an impressive 97%. The nickname tico, for a man, or tica, for a woman, is more common. For example, “Josito,” would be a man named Jose who may be small in stature, or “gatito” is a small cat. Costa Rica is a Central American country with a population of 4.5 million. Mekatelyu or Patua, an English-based Creole language is spoken by the Afro-Carib immigrants who have settled primarily in the Limón Province along the Atlantic coast of the country. During the 20th century, Costa Rica’s settlement frontiers expanded outward rapidly from the Valle Central to incorporate peripheral areas, until virtually all the suitable lands in the country were settled and the spread of population effectively ended. Costa Rica has a variety of terrains, including valleys and plains. Descendants of Africans in Limón province speak both Spanish and Limonese Creole, which resembles Jamaican English. The variety spoken there, Costa Rican Spanish, is a form of Central American Spanish. Due to this fact, many people have a Caribbean accent. After World War II, competition from other banana-producing countries increased, causing national production to decline, and the last company-owned plantations in the Pacific region were closed or replanted with oil palms by 1985. Facts about Costa Rica 9: the literacy rate. • Languages: Spanish (official); Some English is spoken • Government System: democratic republic. Costa Rica is a cultural melting pot. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Descendants of Africans in Limón province speak both Spanish and Limonese Creole, which resembles Jamaican English. There is a need to protect the existing languages as they enrich the country’s linguistic diversity and help maintain the cultural diversity of the nation. Since the beginnings of European colonization, the Valle Central has been the heartland of Costa Rica. What Languages Are Spoken In Costa Rica? The median age is 29.2 years and life expectancy … Costa Rica has a total area of 19,653 square miles (51,100 square kilometers). Their second language is English. These indigenous Costa Rica languages are: Cabécar language: It is spoken by the people of the Talamanca mountain range and the Southern Pacific region. Costa Ricans are proud of their values. Many Costa Ricans are bilingual since most of them work in tourism or customer service. The popular beach of Whale Bay, or Bahía Ballena, … Costa Rica's official and predominant language is Spanish. Here are 20 interesting and lesser known facts about Costa Rica… 1. Language: Spanish Main religion: Catholic Ethnic Makeup: Spanish, Italian, German, Jewish, Polish, Creole English, Jamaican, Atlantic slave, and indigenous descendants History Back in the 16th century, when the Spanish explorers arrived in what today is called Costa Rica, all they found was a region scarcely populated by several poorly organized tribes. A Creole-English language, Jamaican patois (also … What country has the largest Muslim population? New disease-resistant varieties of bananas allowed reestablishment of the Caribbean plantations in the late 1950s, thus reviving the economy. Costa Rica is a Central American country with a population of 4.5 million. … The language came into prominence after the arrival of the Spanish in the country. Costa Rica is home to more than 5% of the world’s biodiversity. Many fast food restaurants (such as McDonald’s and Burger King) do home deliveries in Costa Rica. In the 1970s and ’80s more new roads brought additional expansion of agriculture and cattle grazing to this fertile area. Costa Rica has received a large number of immigrants over the years from countries across the world. The southern Pacific coastal region was opened for banana production about 1938 by the development of plantations around Parrita and Golfito. There are many people in this area that also speak a dialect that is called Patua. It shows indigenous origins and Spanish colonial influence, with a peppery splash of other immigrant cultures thrown in the stew such as Jamaican and Chinese. Guaymí language: The territories of this language overlaps with that of the Buglere language with which it is closely related. 1) Costa Ricans refer to themselves as Ticos (males) or Ticas (females). Ticos, as the people of Costa Rica are called, use the phrase pura vida (“pure life”) in their everyday speech, as a greeting or to show appreciation for something. In the book “The Ticos”², the… The immigrants contributed to the foreign languages of Costa Rica. Costa Rica has coasts on the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Costa Rica Languages The most widely spoken language in Costa Rica is the Costa Rican Spanish which is a form of Central American Spanish. The nation declared sovereignty in 1847 and since then, has been one of the leading Latin American nations in terms of prosperity. Roman Catholicism is the official religion, and it is supported with a small part of the national budget; however, the constitution of 1949 provides for freedom of religion. A number of indigenous languages spoken in Costa Rica have died out over the years and still more are endangered. Such farms still prevail but had become less numerous by the second half of the 19th century, when Costa Rica started to export coffee beans. A small Jewish community resides mostly in or near San José. The northwestern province of Guanacaste—where many people work on large cattle ranches, or haciendas, while also maintaining small agricultural plots of their own—was once a part of Nicaragua and still retains a variety of Nicaraguan cultural influences. Most of the remaining population is Protestant, the majority of whom live in Limón province. The principal Indian languages spoken in Costa Rica are part of the Chibchan language family and include Bribrí, Cabécar, Maléku Jaíka, Boruca, and Térraba. 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