In Niger itself it is divided into various dialects, such as Songhai proper, Zarma, and Dendi. Fulani (Peul) herdsmen, who breed horned cattle and oxen, and the Tuareg, who raise goats, sheep, and dromedaries, tend to travel over the northern region during the winter. The Kanuri, who live to the east of Zinder, are divided into a number of subgroups—the Manga, the Dogara (Dagara), the Mober, the Buduma, and the Kanembu; they are also found living in Chad, Cameroon, and Nigeria. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. French, however, remains the official language, as well as the language of instruction, although it remains understood only by a small minority. Remarkably, this is the third consecutive year a new global annual temperature record has been set. In a year, the rainfall … It was approximately in the 15th century that a few towns, such as Agadez or Zinder, were first established as halting places, or depots, on the trans-Saharan caravan routes. The capital of Agadez Region, it lies in the Sahara desert, and is also the capital of Aïr, one of the traditional Tuareg–Berber federations. The vegetation of the desert zone clusters around the oases; it includes the date palm and cultivated corn (maize). Subscribe to our newsletter. The temperature here averages 29.2 °C | 84.6 °F. The average amount of annual precipitation is: 999.9 mm (39.37 in) At the beginning of January you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest … The rural population comprises nomads and sedentary peoples. Each selected city will show you the following graphs: With the contribution of eight consecutive high monthly temperature records set from January to August, and the remainder of the months ranking among their five warmest, 2016 became the warmest year in NOAA's 137-year series. Agadez, formerly spelled Agadès, is the 5th largest city in Niger, with a population of 110,497 (2012 census). Average Weather at Mano Dayak International Airport Niger. Kanuri is spoken not only in Niger but also in Cameroon and Nigeria. The intense heat of the Saharan zone often causes the little rainfall to evaporate before it hits the ground. The ?rainy season? Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year Apart from the nomadic Teda of the Tibesti region, who constitute an important minority, the remainder of the population consists of Arabs, Black Africans from other countries, and Europeans, of whom the greater part are French. Remember: The climate in Niger in december ranges from perfect to good depending on the region and city. The months of July, August and September have a high chance of precipitation. The northern part of Niger remains the domain of the Tuareg. The Tuareg people are also found in Algeria and in Mali. Niger lies in one of the hottest regions of the world. Niger Delta cities and their annually rainfall totals in millimeters: Warri — 2,730 mm Between 2000 and 2009, the average rainfall in Niger’s crop growing districts was about 8 percent lower than the 1920–69 mean. Lagos has dry periods in January and December. From April to May the southern trade winds blowing from the Atlantic reach the equator and are diverted toward the Sahara where they meet with the harmattan—an encounter that results in violent line squalls and that signals the beginning of the rainy season. Typically dust-laden, dry, and desiccating, the harmattan hinders normal living conditions on the southern fringe of the desert. The traditional animist religions of the Black Africans continue to manifest themselves in strength. In the east annual rainfall is only In the Sahel zone, where the doum palm and the cram-cram (Cenchrus biflorus, a prickly grass) appear, the vegetation has a short life cycle and is principally used for grazing. Find the best time to go to Agadez. Projects & Operations ... Average Monthly Rainfall 1901 - 2009 (mm) The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. Rainfall varies according to location as well as season. Christianity is primarily a European religion, although it is also practiced by some Black Africans from other countries. In the south, rainfall is higher. The warmest month is May with an average maximum temperature of 41°C (105°F). Agadez has dry periods in January, February, March and June. Animal life includes the ostrich and the gazelle. There are some 10,000 villages, of which approximately half have only a few hundred inhabitants; there are practically no villages in the desert zone. Niger River - Niger River - Hydrology: Because of climatic variations the annual river flood does not occur at the same time in different parts of the basin. [1517664] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. In addition, many of the peoples of Niger speak Arabic, and a still larger number read and write in that language; Agadez possesses one of the oldest Arabic schools in Africa. There it forms a large livestock market, where pastoralists and farmers meet. Maradi has developed rapidly. The rains last from one to four months, according to the latitude; August is the rainy month everywhere except in the far north, where the rainfall is unpredictable. In January, afternoon temperatures average more than 90 °F (mid-30s C) at most stations but at night may drop to freezing level in the desert. Both Fulani and Tuareg live in tribal groups, in temporary or portable shelters, and gain their subsistence from their livestock. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow) The town is situated in the heart of the peanut-growing region near the Nigerian frontier. The language is also spoken in Algeria and Mali and possesses its own writing, called tifinagh, which is in widespread use. There are several Christian missions in the Songhai and Arewa areas. Its characteristic life varies between the European and African rural styles, including various intermediate steps, of which the life-style of the évolués (educated Africans) is the most distinctive. The location and size of Nigeria give rise to a variety of climates ranging from tropical rainforests climate along the coast to the Sahel climate to the Northern parts of the country. Rainfall in Niger declined rapidly between 1950 and the mid-1980s and partially recovered during the 1990s and 2000s. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. Here you can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate-related information. In the southern part of the country the climate is of the type known as Sahelian, which is characterized by a single, short rainy season. While these five languages are the principal ones spoken in Niger, there is also an important Teda linguistic group in the Tibesti region. There is little rainfall throughout the year. English is taught as the principal foreign language in secondary schools. Agadez Here is the average precipitation … E-mail: Tamashek is the language of the Tuareg, who often call themselves the Kel Tamagheq, or Tamashek speakers. Map of Niger, source CIA factbook 2009 Niger has a Sahelian climate with rainfall that varies greatly both on an inter-annual basis, and also spatially throughout the country, from less than 100mm/year in the desert regions of the north, to over 600mm/year in a small zone in the south. Annual Weather Averages in Maradi. All of the towns remain little more than modest administrative and commercial centres, but because of the discovery of uranium ore Agadez has experienced a spectacular growth. Rainfall in the coastal belt of the Niger Delta is heavy due to the closeness of the Delta region to the equator. In Niamey, the wet season is hot, oppressive, and mostly cloudy and the dry season is sweltering and partly cloudy. The northern part of Nigeria has the lowest amount of rainfall in a year sometimes as little as 120 to 130 rainy days in Kano and even lesser by 10 to 20 days in Katsina and Sokoto. The Hausa occupy the centre of southern Niger as far as Dogondoutchi. Average temperature, rainfall and snowfall information is available for the following climate stations in Niger Animal life is preserved in the “W” National Park, where antelope, lions, buffalo, hippopotamuses, and elephants may be seen. In the cultivated zone the vegetation includes acacia trees, doum palms, and palmyra palms, as well as baobabs. Annual rainfall totals vary from 2,400 to over 4,000 millimeters. At Niamey, the average maximum daily temperature fluctuates from 31 degrees Celsius (88 degrees Fahrenheit) in August to 41 degrees Celsius (106 degrees Fahrenheit) in April. There are four principal towns in Niger. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. Zinder, for which the African name is Damagaram, is an older town than Niamey; a Hausa town, it was the capital of Niger until 1926 and has a number of skilled craftsmen, especially leatherworkers and dyers. The Fulani, who are dispersed throughout the country, are mostly nomadic; they are also found dispersed throughout western Africa. Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: On average, the temperatures are always high. April is a scorching spring month in Niamey, Niger, with average temperature ranging between max 40.9°C (105.6°F) and min 26.5°C (79.7°F).With an average high-temperature of 40.9°C (105.6°F) and an average low-temperature of 26.5°C (79.7°F), April is the warmest month. Accepted 29 November, 2011 This paper examined rainfall seasonality in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, using both monthly and annual The Songhai-Zarma are found in the southwest; the Songhai proper live along the Niger, where they are assimilating the Kurtey and Wogo peoples. Niamey has dry periods in January, February, March, April, October, November and December. Although the Annaawaa group of Hausa have always refused to accept Islam, as have a group of Fulani, the Wodaabe—who distinguish themselves from other Fulani for this reason—Islam remains the religion of the majority of both Hausa and Fulani. This indicator has been developed for OPIDIN to improve the prediction of the flood level in the Inner Niger Delta. Niger is one of the hottest countries in the planet. Ethnic groups correspond to the five linguistic groups already mentioned. is from May through October, with most rain in July and August. Climate Change Knowledge Portal. By using Hausa and Songhai, one may make oneself understood from one end of the country to the other. Niger - Climate . Rainfall occurs almost exclusively during the June-September wet season and is dependent on the W. African monsoon and the movement of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone, which accounts for much of the inter-annual variabili… The accumulated amount of rainfall is a good indicator of the humidity of the season, where it comes to average rainfall in the basin. A & Ogunjobi K. O. Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Variability Over Nigeria . Niger is one of the hottest countries in the planet. Nile River - Nile River - Climate and hydrology: Almost no area within the Nile basin experiences a true equatorial or a true Mediterranean type of climate. This nation-wide website presents information about the weather and climate for almost every country around the world.Learn more. The Fulani subsist above all on milk in various forms; the Tuareg live on meat and dates. They also work as blacksmiths and shoemakers, while on the banks of Lake Chad and the Niger the Buduma and Sorko peoples are fishermen. Select a city to see its average temperature, precipitation and hours of sunshine over the year. Average monthly hours of sunshine over the year Niger. Songhai is the second most important language; it is also spoken in Mali, in northern Burkina Faso, and in northern Benin. Climate data and weather averages in Maradi. The extreme southwest is a savanna region where baobabs, kapok trees, and tamarind trees occur. Christianity (Roman Catholicism and Protestantism) remains a religion of the towns, particularly of Niamey. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 60°F to 104°F and is rarely below 54°F or above 108°F . Average Weather in Niamey Niger. 24° ... 29° 90 _ 31° 16 _ 28° 1 _ 25° 0 _ Jan: Feb: Mar: Apr: May: Jun: Jul: Aug: Sep: Oct: Nov: Dec: Temperatures °C (degrees Celsius) in Niamey Rainfall (mm) in Niamey (Average values for each month) Students of the World => Countries of the World => Niger. Climate change impacts depend on average of climate parameters changes and on the country’s social, cultural, geographical and economic backgrounds. Nights are cooler (below 20° C /68° F ) from November to February. They raise millet, rice, corn, peanuts (groundnuts), and cotton. Rainfall seasonality in the Niger Delta Belt, Nigeria Joseph O. Adejuwon Department of Water Resources Management and Agrometeorology, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State. During May (the hottest month), afternoon temperatures are high everywhere, ranging from a low of about 108 °F (42 °C) at Nguigmi on Lake Chad to 113 °F (45 °C) at Bilma and Agadez, both in the northern desert. On average, January is the driest month. Please select the city you wish to travel to, or the one closest to your destination. To the extreme south the 30-inch isohyet marks the southern limit of this zone, after which the southern agricultural zone begins. In the southern part of the country the climate is of the type known as Sahelian, which is characterized by a single, short rainy season. Niger has three different climates and is dominated by BWh. On certain pages we also offer other historical weather data like humidity, wind speed and water temperature. In the course of the same rainy season a most irregular spatial pattern of rainfall may occur, while from one year to another the total amount of rainfall may also vary; in addition, the rainy season itself may arrive early or late, thus jeopardizing crops. It has the Saharan desert in the north, the Sahel to the south of the desert, and the Sudan in the southwest corner. They meet together to permit the cattle to lick the salty soil of the In Gall region during August and September but move southward during the dry season. On average, June is the wettest month. The best time of year to visit Niamey in Niger. In the east annual rainfall is only 2 cm (0.79 inches). The northernmost part, at the boundary with the previous region, is still desert, and receives little rainfall: in the Aïr Massif and in Agadez, the annual amount is slightly above 100 millimeters (4 inches), with a maximum in August, when 50 mm (2 in) of rain fall in Agadez. Federal University of Technology, Nigeria. This location is classified as BSh by Köppen and Geiger. The country comprises a multitude of traditional regions, the names of which remain despite the establishment of contemporary administrative divisions. The daily range is greater in the desert north than in the south and is also more extreme during the dry season. Sedentary peoples live in dwellings that vary from those made of straw to those made of banco (hardened mud), although the Wogo people live in tents of delicate matting. The Hausa are the largest group, constituting more than half of the present population, though the majority of the Hausa people live in Nigeria. Niger - Niger - Climate: Niger extends southward from the tropic of Cancer, and the northern two-thirds of its territory lies in dry tropical desert. As commercial routes gradually developed on the coasts, however, these northern towns lost their former economic importance, while other centres, such as Birni Nkonni, and Tessaoua, declined in the course of the 19th century as a result of the colonial era. Temperatures rise from February to May and drop during the “winter” rainy season, rising again somewhat before falling to their annual minimum averages in December or January. The rainy season is from May through October, with most rain in … 1. Rural life, above all in its sedentary form, tends to slow its pace during the long dry season; it is at this time of year that migration to the towns or other countries occurs. Wildlife, which has partially disappeared, includes antelope, elephants, and warthogs; giraffes are found in the Zarmaganda and Damergou regions, and hippopotamuses and crocodiles on the banks of the Niger. Averages are for Niamey-Aero, which is 4 miles from Niamey. Niamey, the political capital, has experienced rapid growth. Roughly 85 percent of the population adheres to the Sunni branch of Islam. The months of July have a high chance of precipitation. Niger - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. The largest linguistic group is formed by the Hausa, whose language, also spoken in Nigeria, is one of the most important in western Africa. Most regions, moreover, have been and remain zones where contact takes place between different peoples—between the Hausa and the Tuareg in the Adar Doutchi region, for example; between the Tuareg and the Kanuri in the Damergou region; and between Hausa and Zarma (Zerma, Djerma) in the Aréoua area. A large percentage of the inhabitants of Niger understand Hausa, which possesses an abundant literature that has been printed in Latin characters in Nigeria. © 2010-2020 World Weather & Climate InformationAll rights reserved. Nigeria - Nigeria - Climate: Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. January Typical (usual) weather in Niger in January is this: The average highest temperature in Niger in January is 32.6 ℃ (90.68 ℉). 2. Interested in more detailed Weather and Climate information? The intense heat of the Saharan zone often causes the little rainfall to evaporate before it hits the ground. There is a tendency among the nomads to settle down, and the already sedentary peoples are expanding the lands under cultivation toward the north. Military coup and return to civilian rule. Classification Count Köppen-Geiger Examples; Hot desert climates: 7857: BWh: Zinder, Tessaoua, Tanout, Agadez, Tahoua: Hot semi-arid climates About one-fifth of the population live in towns. In the upper Niger the high-water discharge occurs in June, and the low-water season is in December. By Akinsanola A. The average global temperature across land and ocean surface areas for 2016 was 0.94°C (1.69°F) above the 20thcentury average of 13.9°C (57.0°F), surpassing the previous record warm… At Mano Dayak International Airport, the summers are sweltering and partly cloudy; the winters are short, comfortable, windy, and mostly clear; and it is dry year round. In January and February the continental equivalent of the northeast trade winds, the harmattan, blows southwestward from the Sahara toward the equator. The southern part of Niger’s territory is situated in the vast region of Africa known as the Sudan, in which, in former times, large political states arose, such as Ghana, Mali, and Songhai, as well as the Hausa states, the empire of Sokoto, and Bornu. Niamey climate summary The Niamey lies on 210m above sea level The climate here is considered to be a local steppe climate. Tahoua has grown up on the edge of the desert. Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: On average, the temperatures are always high. The 10-inch isohyet (line on a map connecting points having equal rainfall) follows a line from near Tahoua to Gouré, in effect marking the northern limit of nomadic pastoral life, for the rainfall permits a sparse vegetation to grow. Animal life, which must be able to endure hunger and thirst, includes the dromedary. Many European companies have established branches there; the town is particularly renowned for its red goats, the skins of which are exported to Europe and the Americas. The best time to visit Niger is in january and february and july until december, when you will have a hot or very hot temperature and none till limited rainfall.The highest average temperature in Niger is 42°C in april and the lowest is 34°C in january.. Average precipitation (rainfall, snow) in millimeter per month in Agadez, Niger displayed in a beautiful overview. Niger extends southward from the tropic of Cancer, and the northern two-thirds of its territory lies in dry tropical desert. warning in december the weather varied depending on the city and regions of the country. The Zarma live on the left bank of the Niger, remaining in close contact with the Mauri and Arewa peoples. Get notified about our newest bucket list destinations and more! The historic centre of the town has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO The Tuareg, also nomadic, are divided into three subgroups—the Iullemmiden of the Azaouak region in the west, the Asben (Kel Aïr) in the Aïr region, and the Itesen (Kel Geres) to the south and east of Aïr. Classifications. While the Nile basin in Sudan and Egypt is rainless during the northern winter, its southern parts and the highlands of Ethiopia experience heavy rain—more than 60 inches (1,520 millimetres)—during the northern summer. Niger also remains vulnerable to climate shocks and fluctuations in global non-oil commodity prices. The town has experienced some industrial growth and has close links with Nigeria. It averages 56 cm (22 in) at Niamey, in the southern Sahel, and 87 cm (34 in) at Gaya, in the Sudanese zone. Last Updated: Apr 17, 2020 In September 2017, Niger adopted a new Economic and Social Development Plan (PDES), which the World Bank used as a basis for preparing its Country Partnership Framework (CPF) with Niger for the 2018-2022 period. 3. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. All these regions have a fluctuating political, economic, and geographic significance: the Hausa regions, for example, have been cut in two and divided between Niger and Nigeria. Abstract-This study investigates rainfall and temperature variabilities in Nigeria using observations of air temperature (C) and rainfall (mm) from 25 synoptic stations from 1971o -2000 (30years). Sedentary peoples, such as the Hausa, the Songhai-Zarma, and the Kanuri, who inhabit the Niger and Chad basins, live largely by agriculture. It has a cosmopolitan character and a transient population. In december the weather is perfect in Niger, but partially because it concerns only the cities of Zinder, Tahoua, Niamey, Tillabéri, Maradi, Nguigmi, Birni N Konni, Maïné-soroa and Agadez. Rainfall takes the center stage from the birth of a new year in Nigeria, moving from the south to the east and often getting to the northern part in late may and june. A lot of rain (rainy season) falls in the months: April, May, June, July and October. The average lowest temperature is 16.4 ℃ (61.52 ℉). The recent rainfall increases are probably due to the . The majority of the Songhai people as a whole, however, live in Mali. The language of the Fulani is Fula; in Niger it has two dialects, eastern and western, the demarcation line between them running through the Boboye district. It has the Saharan desert in the north, the Sahel to the south of the desert, and the Sudan in the southwest corner. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. In Niamey, Niger, during April, the rain falls for 1 days and regularly aggregates up to 5.7mm (0.2") of precipitation. Niger Jump to. Average Weather in Zinder Niger In Zinder, the summers are short, sweltering, and mostly cloudy; the winters are short, comfortable, windy, and mostly clear; and it is dry year round. Annual Weather Averages Near Niamey. Best time to visit Niger. The researchers analyzed weekly reported measles cases at the district level in Niger from 1995 to 2004, as well as weekly cumulative rainfall and average … The use of the Arabic alphabet resulted in Fula and Hausa becoming written languages; the script is called ajami; a search for more old manuscripts in ajami is being conducted. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north.